In the middle of October, this plant blooms unique flowers to cover the entrance of
the plant of South and Central America Greenhouse. Its flower blooms for one day,
but fresh flowers bloom sequentially. The smell is strong, and its favorability is varied.
The leaves grow densely on the vine. However, it has spines at the base of the leaves and the berries,
and the branches, and it also has an areole, that is indigenous to all cacti.
It is thought that a cactus developed in the order of the Pereskia
family, the Opuntia family, and the
Cereus family to prevent transpiration of water.
First, the leaf which transpired more water became a spine, and it became a succulent to be able to
reserve more water. And in farther dry areas, it changed its shape into a sphere which has minimum surface area.
Barbados gooseberry belongs to the earliest species of these groups, the
Pereskia Gemus. Despite the fact that this plant has
large spines radiating in all directions suggestive of a cactus, when I think about the fact that this vine plant
which has lots of leaves evolved into a barrel cactus like a spherical pincushion,
I cannot help feeling the elaboration of life’s evolution.
The flower of Barbados gooseberry is supposed not to have much ornamental value, but it is well known among cactus lovers
as a rootstock for grafting. Barbados gooseberry has high graft compatibility,
any cactus as a scion can basically graft onto it, and so it is very useful as a rootstock.
| Classification: || Cactaceae Pereskia |
| Scientific name: || Pereskia aculeata Mill.|
| Japanese name: || Mokukirin |
| English Name: || Barbados gooseberry|
| Native locality: || Tropics, Subtropics (Mexico to Argentine)|
Ecological description: || Climbing woody plant|
| RDB : || ---|
| Planting place: || Plant of South and Central America Greenhouse|