Panama hat plant
This plant is native to Ecuador, Colombia, and Peru.  However, engineers and workers regularly wore a hat made in Ecuador from this plant during the construction of the Panama Canal, and many hats were traded there.  This plant was named after that.
It has no terrestrial stem and expands 1 to 2 m in length of the leaf stem and the fanlike leaf grows to 2 to 3 m in height.  The leaf blade is torn into 4 parts which are also torn into many pieces.
This plant expands a long and thick stem with its thick spadix covered with a few bracts.  When the bract snaps at its base and falls down, an inflorescence covered with many filaments, which are 20 to 30 cm in length and which were origenally sterile stamens, appears.  These filaments start expanding right after bracts fall down, and fall down a few hours later.  The surface of the inflorescence is covered tightly with small flowers, and the female flower is surrounded by a few male flowers and inconspicuous.
The fruit is a sap fruit.  When it ripens, the pure red fruits bend backward, similar pealing fresh fruit.
Classification Cyclanthaceae Carludovica
Scientific name Carludovica palmata Ruiz. et Pavon
Japanese name Panamaso
English name Panama hat plant
Native locality Ecuador, Colombia, Peru
Ecological description Evergreen perennial
RDB ---
Planting place Central Palm Greenhouse
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