Totsuru-modoki
In Japan, the northern limit of distribution of this plant is Tokuno Island, Okinawa.  It is a large climbing herbaceous plant whose alternate leaves have tendrils at their tip.  The tendrils twine other plants to climb, and the vine becomes more than 10 m in length.  It bears a panicle at the tip of stem.  The flower is bisexual and has 6 trace tepals, 6 stamens which have a conspicuous anther, and a trifid pistil.  Its fruit is red and spherical drupe.
The clum is strong and has high elasticity.  It is sometimes torn to use for woven work such as a basket.  It provides high strength when a torn clum is wetted before binding, and it is also sometimes used as a binder.
Taketomi Island in Yae Islands is located 6 km southeast of Ishigaki Island, and all private houses in the village of the central area of the island are built of wood with a red roof and the roads are covered with white sand.  The red roof made of fired clay tiles uses Totsuru-modoki to bind its foundation.
It has been designated as a threatened species in Kagoshima Prefecture.
Classification Flagellariaceae Flagellaria
Scientific name Flagellaria indica L.
Japanese name Toutsuru-modoki
English name ---
Native locality Southeast Asia, tropical Africa
Ecological description Climbing perennial
RDB Threatened (in Kagoshima Pref.)
Planting place Central Palm Greenhouse
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