Justicia adhatoda (=Adhatoda vasica)
This plant grows wild in India, Nepal, and Pakistan and is the state flower for Punjabi, Pakistan.  It is an evergreen shrub, can grow two to four meters in height, and blooms sequentially from winter to spring.  Each stalk has a few inflorescences at the axil at its tip.  Each flower is covered with bract and projects out when it blooms.
In India, it is used as an herbal medicine as an antispasmodic agent, bronchodilator, and agent of reducing mucus viscosity.  It also has oxytocic action.  This plant contains several kinds of alkaloids such as vasicine (a quinazoline alkaloid); which act as active ingredients.
Classification Acanthaceae Justicia
Scientific name Justicia adhatoda (=Adhatoda vasica )
Japanese name ---
English name ---
Native locality India, (Nepal, Pakistan)
Ecological description Evergreen shrub
RDB ---
Planting place Sun Gallery
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