Justicia adhatoda (=Adhatoda vasica)
This plant grows wild in India, Nepal, and Pakistan and is the state flower for Punjabi, Pakistan.
It is an evergreen shrub, can grow two to four meters in height, and blooms sequentially from winter to spring.
Each stalk has a few inflorescences at the axil at its tip.
Each flower is covered with bract and projects out when it blooms.
In India, it is used as an herbal medicine as an antispasmodic agent, bronchodilator,
and agent of reducing mucus viscosity. It also has oxytocic action.
This plant contains several kinds of alkaloids such as vasicine
(a quinazoline alkaloid); which act as active ingredients.
| Classification ||Acanthaceae Justicia|
| Scientific name ||Justicia adhatoda
| Japanese name ||---|
| English name ||---|
| Native locality ||India, (Nepal, Pakistan)|
Ecological description ||Evergreen shrub|
| RDB ||---|
| Planting place ||Sun Gallery|