Caesalpinia pulcherrima grows up to about five meters and its branches have thorns. The flower is brilliant in color, such as red, orange and yellow. The petals are crinkled in a frill shape and spread. The 10 filaments of stamen have brilliant color and project long. It is beautiful. Since it looks like butterflies wavering in the wind to fly, it was named Okocho, meaning yellow butterfly, in Japanese.
The flower has five petals and the topmost petal is positioned inside other petals, curls up into a trumpet, and sometimes is mixed with different colors. This petal is a standard petal which characterizes plants belonging to the family Fabaceae.
Among plants belonging to the family Fabaceae, the standard petal is normally positioned outside other petals, spreads and rises, and has the role as a symbolic mark which informs the existence of the flower to insects. In the case of Caesalpinia pulcherrima, its stamens are showing and are independent from each other, which characterizes plants belonging to the genus Caesalpinia. From these characteristics, this flower resembles the flower of the family Rosaceae more than the family Fabaceae.
The fruit is a legume resembling snow peas.
|Scientific name||Caesalpinia pulcherrima|
|Native locality||The West Indies|
|Ecological description||Evergreen tree|
|Planting place||Sun Gallery|